A strategy to develop agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and by Kevin M. Cleaver

By Kevin M. Cleaver

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Extra resources for A strategy to develop agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa and a focus for the World Bank, Volumes 23-203

Sample text

Donor support should be comprehensive, assisting the execution of agricultural policy and investment programs needed to achieve growth, food security, and environmental objectives. This will mean more donor collaboration, and less competition between donors. 9 percent per annum in real terms since 1965. 1 percent per annum since 1980. This decline in per capita agricultural output is mirrored in a decline in per capita food production (by about 6 percent since the average during 1979 to 1981). The rapid rate of increase of food imports (increasing at nearly 4 percent per annum since 1974) and food aid (increasing at 7 percent per annum since 1974), is the result of poor agricultural performance, combined with rapid population growth and expanding urban populations unable to obtain sufficient agricultural produce from the countryside.

General health and education improvements, land tenure reform, or larger scale irrigation investments have an impact in the longer term. To incorporate these strategic changes, the donors will have to change some of their practices. More emphasis will have to be put on agricultural policy, public expenditure reviews and projects which support comprehensive African agricultural development strategies. A greater emphasis will also have to be placed on creating African capacity and commitment to manage agriculture in the private, public, and cooperative sectors.

Private sector agricultural research should not be inhibited. The private sector is more likely to address the technology issues of the most profitable commercial crops, grown on large farms and plantations, when investing its own resources in research. This is important for agricultural development. Private sector agricultural research continues to be inhibited in many African countries by outmoded regulations and constraints. These various new concepts should be developed within national agricultural research master plans for each country, and for each region.

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