Advanced in Geosci, V4: Hydrological Science (HS) by Wing-huen Ip

By Wing-huen Ip

"Advances in Geosciences" is the results of a concerted attempt in bringing the newest effects and making plans actions on the topic of earth and area technological know-how in Asia and the foreign area. the amount editors are all best scientists of their learn fields protecting 5 sections: good Earth (SE), sun Terrestrial (ST), Planetary technology (PS), Hydrological technology (HS), and Oceans and Atmospheres (OA). the most objective is to spotlight the clinical concerns necessary to the examine of earthquakes, tsunamis, weather swap, drought, flood, typhoons, area weathers, and planetary exploration.

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Murakami, Mon. Weather Rev. 107 (1979) 1011. F. Giorgi, X. Bi and J. S. Pal, Climate Dynamics 22 (2004) 733. 23 This page intentionally left blank May 23, 2006 8:29 WSPC/SPI-B368 Advances in Geosciences Vol. tw Regionalization is an important technique that uses existing information to extrapolate where the information is required but cannot be obtained. The cluster analysis and discrimination analysis are the two important procedures of regionalization. In this paper, a simple method based on the self-organizing map is proposed to combine the cluster analysis and the discrimination analysis.

5. Conclusions and Recommendations Flooding in Lake Albert has been successfully modeled using both the frequency analysis and flood routing techniques. The results from frequency analysis have been used to understand the behavior of the lake to develop flood demarcation zones in the flood plain. The reservoir routing model developed, provides a simple and accurate tool for flood forecasting. The recommended measures for flood mitigation include establishing of an early warning system, sensitization of the local inhabitants, development of a land management policy establishment of a flood defences and installation of more automatic gauging stations.

In addition, many problems arose for acquisition and reduction of underground geographical data. In view of these situations, a solid numerical simulation model named the storage pond model3 is developed for underground inundation based on a pond model. This model is simpler than the above stated models. The data required for the model is reduced. Also, this model can treat both ground and underground inundation simultaneously without much difficulty. In this paper, the storage pond model is applied to the central area with underground spaces in two large cities in Japan, Fukuoka City and Kyoto City.

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