Agroforestry: systems and practices by Ramesh Umrani, C. K. Jain

By Ramesh Umrani, C. K. Jain

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Otection measures and other silvicultural operations. Technological development to diversify usage of agro forestry ·species will help to ensure a ready market; for example bamboo is getting rediscovered as a potential raw-material for the development of bamboo composites suitable for use in place of wood and wood composites. Bamboo technology mission should be started keeping in view the impending gregarious flowering, followed by mass mortality of bamboo, forest fire famine and insurgency. Circumstances warrant formulation of emergency plans for harvesting and processing of bamboo prior to their flowering.

In Jharkhand, trees in agroecosyste~s are particularly valued as host to insects that yield marketable products such as silk, lac productsand honey. Woodcarving industry is emerging as an important source of income to local artisans worldwide. Promotion. of species used in woodcarving industry facilitates long-term locking-up of carbon in carved wood and supports local knowledge. It therefore strengthens livelihoods. For example, Jodhpur, Rajasthan has emerged as a major cenlre Of woodcarving, exporting woodcraft worth Rs 60 million annually, facilitated by traditional knowledge and skill, and growing tourism.

For instance, in the arid region of Haryana, the effect of Prosopis cineraria, Tecomella undulata, Acacia albida and Azadirachta indica on the productivity of Hordeum vulgare (barley) was found to be positive. P. 0%, T. 8%, A. 9% and A. 8% over the control. Biological yield was also higher under trees than that in the open area. Soils under different tree canopies were rich jn organic carbon content, moisture availability and nutrient status. Recent studies have found that multiple-use species such as Bambusa nutans have the potential to help in soil nutrient binding during restoration of abandoned shifting agricultural lands (jhum fallows) in northeastern India under B.

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