By Phil Nordyke
On Sunday, September 17, 1944, the 82nd Airborne department jumped into historical past with the 1st Allied Airborne military in a bold sunlight parachute and glider-borne attack to catch key bridges at the beginning of Operation marketplace backyard. Following weeks of heavy strive against in Holland, the All american citizens (the identify of the department in international warfare I while Sgt. Alvin York used to be one in every of its squaddies) have been withdrawn from the frontlines for a well-merited leisure, which was once shortly interrupted via the conflict of the Bulge, the place they once more chanced on themselves within the thick of the motion, a place that remained regular to them for the remainder of the conflict. Following VE Day, the 82nd grew to become a part of the Allied forces occupying Berlin.
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Extra info for All American, All the Way: A Combat History of the 82nd Airborne Division in World War II: From Market Garden to Berlin
Each 9-plane V-of-Vs wave in the parachute serials would fly at five-second intervals. Pathfinders would be used to mark only the drop zone at Over Asselt for the 504th. m. General Gavin was concerned about the possibility of German armor hidden in the adjacent Reichswald, east of Groesbeek. Therefore, he decided not to have the drop zones for the 505th and 508th marked prior to the arrival of both regiments. Following the pathfinders and leading the 82nd into Holland would be the 505th and division headquarters, jumping at DZ “N” south of Groesbeek.
8 In early August, General Eisenhower promoted General Ridgway and designated him to command the newly formed XVIII Airborne Corps, consisting of the 82nd, 101st, and 17th Airborne Divisions. General Ridgway recommended Brigadier General Gavin for promotion to major general and to command the 82nd Airborne Division. In his recommendation he wrote, “Brigadier General Gavin possesses to a superior degree self-possession regardless of the pressure in and out of battle, loyalty, initiative, zeal, sound judgment, and common sense.
Combat in Italy and the D-Day invasion of France followed. This part of the division’s service in World War II is told in a companion volume All American, All the Way: A Combat History of the 82nd Airborne Division in World War II: From Sicily to Normandy. ”1 Returning from Normandy, many of the officers and men found the cots and beds of their best buddies empty. Many had been wounded and some of them would return. Others, too severely wounded, would carry painful scars, limps, disfigurements, and paralysis with them as constant reminders of their sacrifice and service with the 82nd Airborne Division.